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Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 7, No. 1, July 1915"

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Per Year 
One Dollar 

JULY, 1915 

Per Copy 
Ten Cents 

Bungalows— Within and Without 

The July Gardens 

The Dahlia— The Rose— The Lath House 

Gardening in England 


Now is the time to 

Plant Avocados 

(The Alligator Pear) 


Ours are of the very best to be found anywhere 

Large sturdy field-grown trees 
Many are being planted in San Diego County 



Importers and Growers of Tropical and Sub-Tropical Plants and Trees 

Altadena, California 

Bank of Commerce and Trust Company 



^ TRUST SAVINGS VJ QVER $800,000.00 

Four per Cent. Interest Paid on Term Deposits in Savings Department 
3% Interest Payable Monthly on Checking Accounts of $200.00 or Over 

Nearpass Seed Store 

Established 1896 

The Largest Stock of Seeds in the City. Everything fresh 
and reliable. A carload of Cypher Incubators just received. 
We are exclusive agents for San Diego County. Planet, Jr. 
Tools and Poultry Supplies. ;;;;;: 

522 Sixth Street San Diego, Cal. 



1139 Sixth St., San Diego and 
Hotel del Coronado 

We have known people to leave us and 
go elsewhere for the developing and print- 
ing of their photographic films, and the 
framing of pi&ures — but they came back! 

For they soon learned that extremely low prices and expert work 
do not always go hand in hand — that in the end it is far more 
satisfactory to pay a fair price and receive the very best service. 

We are not high-priced— our work is of the best 
Kodaks and Supplies— Out-Door Pidtures— Framing 

Electric Porch Lighting 

Is Economical Protection 

Lighting up the front porth steps 
and walks will prevent mauy a mis- 
step in the dark. 

It welcomes visiting friends and re- 
assures the householder when he re- 
turns after a few hours' absence. 

It is the best burglar insurance you 
can buy. 

The reduced rates for electric light 
make the monthly cost range from 30c 
to 55c for 25 Watt Mazda Lamp. 


Porch lighting is an evidence 
of community spirit 

Try it an an experiment 


San Diego Consolidated Gas 
and Electric Company 

935 Sixth Street 

Home 41IQ Sunset Main 64 


VSk ■ \ 

j* ; i* w tab* It 

INS i *^ f/ower Shop 
A 1115 FOURTH ST. ^&'f 


Corner of Fifth and F Sts. 

4% Interest on Term Savings 
Safety Deposit Boxes, $2.00 per year 
Foreign Exchange 
Mexican Money Bought and Sold 

L. A. Blochman, Pres. 

Sam Ferry Smith, Vice-Pres. 

W. S. Dorland, Cashier 

O. E. Darnall, Mgr. Savings Dept. 

National Bank 

of San Diego 

(The Roll of Honor Bank) 

Granger Block, Cor. Fifth and D Sts. 

Capital (Fully-paid) 

Surplus and Profits (All earned) 


This Bank has the largest surplus of any 
bank in San Diego, and on the "Roll of 
Honor" published by "The Financier" of 
New York City, it not only stands first in 
the City of San Diego, but second in the 
State of California. 

Every accommodation consistent with good banking 
extended our customers 

A. H. FROST, Vice-President 
W. R. ROGERS, Cashier 

H. E. ANTHONY, Assistant Cashier 

Capitol Lawn Trimmers 

^Pennsylvania and West Lake Lawn Mowers Y 
Pull Dog and Nile Garden Hose J 

San Diego Hardware Co. 

658 Fifth Street 

A Large Variety of FERNS 

(of the more uncommon kinds) just received. 

Fancy Caladiums, Crotons, Dracaenas and Begonias. 

Our large stock of 

Ornamental Trees, Plants, Porch Plants, Bay Trees, Climbers, Palms, etc. 

at a reduction of 25%. Or, a 35c plant of your selection with every dollar cash pur- 
chase during the month of July. C. Try a packet of Red Sunflower Seed. 

824 F Street 


The San Diego Seed Store 

Bet. 8th iff 9th Sts. 

The California Garden 

Published Monthly by the San Diego Floral Association 

One Dollar per Year, Ten Cents per Copy 

Vol. 7 


No. 1 

N stepping out on its seventh year- 
ly journey of twelve stations the 
California Garden wishes first to 
pay its debts, fortunately just 
debts of gratitude, freely and cheerfully 
acknowledged ; it therefore takes this op- 
portunity to confess that its by no means 
small measure of success is due first to 
those who have contributed without re- 
muneration, direct or indirect, the subject 
matter that filled its pages; secondly, to 
those who took the magazine and paid for 
it, and thirdly, to the small but select band 
of advertising patrons who stuck through 
the times of retrenchment. 

It would be invidious to select certain 
names for special thanksgiving where all 
have been so generous so be it said, may 
none of them ever do anything worse than 
this and thus escape cause for future ad- 
justment, and may they all do it over 
again so as to win merit and encourage 
others to do likewise. 

Should we make a statement of intent- 
tion to do better? We shall not. In these 
days to do as well is phenomenal and we 
shall do only what we can. The Cali- 
fornia Garden is the mouth-piece of the 
San Diego Floral Association and reflects 
its condition. If in this city of unequalled 
situation and climate, from the standpoint 
of beauty scenically and norally, the spirit 
to work with nature and helping her to 
help ourselves has spread and will con- 
tinue to spread, then for the Association 
and its organ the future is fraught with 
promise; and if not — why then its work 
is more needed than ever and it must plug 
along the best it may. 

many nice things about us in Pa- 
cific Garden and in the July num- 
ber he calls us excellent in a full 
column beside making his principal article 
about our Exposition written in the kindly 

spirit that belongs to the man. If either 
the California or Pacific Garden ceased 
to be. it is probable the survivor might 
gain subscribers and yet both not only 
wish the continuance of the other but do 
all that they can to maintain the rival. 
Brother Barnhart is a mighty good man 
but he cannot run a paper, for he seems 
to love the other fellow and gets him sub- 
scriptions. It has often been suggested 
that we need a real business man to show 
us what to do, but while Barnhart 's case 
remains unadjusted ours can wait. 

T will be good news to all garden- 
ers that the city water is all go- 
ing to be served from the reser- 
voirs in the back country instead 
of having a mixture of the Mission Val- 
ley brand. The water from the sands 
should be pumped in the early part of 
the year when the flow is strong and 
stopped whenever the wells show exhaus- 
tion as now, because the inflow is from 
local sources instead of from pressure 
above and is not what plants like. An 
important item in this question of where 
to draw from, is how much more storage 
capacity have we than was utilized this 
year? Unless it is large enough to ac- 
commodate a normal year's runoff in ad- 
dition to what will be left when the rainy 
season returns, it would seem questionable 
practice to devil up the Mission Valley 
ranchers by pumping in tbeir territory. 
Wisdom dictates a certain supply ahead, 
but it will be poor satisfaction to store 
water to evaporate, or fill reservoirs to 
enable the next runoff to run away. This 
water question will never be settled till 
it is tackled as a whole and adjusted equit- 
ably to all concerned, city and back coun- 
try, corporation and individual. 

Shall we have that May Festival? 

WNERS of lath houses should visit 
the one at the Exposition (be care- 
ful to call it the Horticultural Build- 
ing) and go through it inquiringly, 
that is with an idea of finding possibilities in 
planting. Naturally they will not grow huge 
Araucarias and bamboos in their lath houses, 
nor shall we after the Exposition is over in 
this big one, but it is very well worth while 
to see what a size Cibotium Schieded can 
make, also how the Cyromiums Palcatum 
and Rochfordianum or Holly ferns like to be 
out in the ground and with root space. Hunt 
up these ferns and also Cymnogramma Sul- 
phurea and Blechnum Occidentale and see if 
you would not like a specimen. There are 
one or two very good Aralia Elegantissima 
and A. Chabrierii. 

It is by no means uncommon to see plants 
in the ground in lath houses doing much less 
development than ought to be the case and 
this is frequently due to a lack of moisture 
that is not apparent on the surface. The 
owner will say, "I water every day," and 
probably does so, sprinkling by hand and get- 
ting a beautiful wet look all round. This 
hand sprinkling is a delusion and a snare un- 
less freely interspersed with a good soak- 
ing and this soaking is only possible in sandy 
loose soil unless the ground is periodically 
loosened deep down. Where the natural soil 
is of a heavy or easily compacted quality it 
would pay to haul in a more kindly medium, 
such as leaf mould, sandy loam and sharp 
sand in equal parts; this superimposed on a 
heavier soil will give good results with ferns 
and begonias and kindred growths. Drainage 
must be good and a sprnikling of charcoal 
added to above mixture might be a wise pre- 

Where growths are crowded as is almost 
always the case in lath houses, frequent 
fertilizer should be given. If incorporated 
in the soil it must be of non-heating kind, 
such as old cow manure, though liquid fer- 
tilizer seems to suit ferns. It cannot be too 
strongly emphasized that a lath house merely 
provides certain conditions of modified cli- 
mate and not plant food and that the kind 
of things we plant therein require more 
water than ordinary outside residents of a 

Lath house evolution is proceeding rapidly, 
architecturally. It has gone from a chicken 
coop to a palace. In usage it has passed 
from a housing of nursery stock to a semi- 

tropical garden and now comes the lath house 

Though the Garden did not succeed in get- 
ting a lath house covering acres which could 
have been built for the cost of the elaborate 
Horticultural building, such a one is bound 
some day to be in Balboa Park. It will have 
groupings of shrubs and plants, ferny nooks 
and fragrant arbors and the visitor to our 
city shall find in it a place to walk and a 
place to talk, a garden with sunshine tem- 
pered to order, wind changed to a whisper- 
ing zephyr, a garden of Eden without a serp- 

Let us be thankful for our Horticultural 
Building. With that title it could hardly be 
a really truly lath house, but let us think of 
ten acres under a lathed-in pergola, partly 
on the flat partly going in steps down into a 
canyon lighted cunningly as if with fireflies, 
and let us think hard enough to bring the 
reality before some other place seizes the 
idea and reaps the reward of originality. 

The July Garden 

Miss Mary Matthews 
O not think that now we have reached 
the mid-summer season, we can sit 
down and just contemplate the 
beauty of our gardens. Instead we 
should go right on with irrigating, mulching 
and keeping the ground in good condition by 
cultivating after each irrigation Arrange 
for a continued season of bloom from now on. 
Pansies for winter blooming can be sown in 
the seed boxes, also stocks which are always 
prime favorites. Where you can give the 
best of care, that is, moisture, shade and good 
cultivation, put in your seeds of sweet peas 
for winter bloom. Zinnias and Cosmos for 
late blooming can still be planted. I have 
been struck this season with the amount of 
bloom from Annuals that is to be seen around 
town. "Just common flowers," Petunias, Mari- 
golds, Phlox and the like, Salpiglosis, Cam- 
panulas, Penstemons and others not so com- 
mon have been seen in profusion also. The 
colors and shadings in the Salpiglosis are 
well worth a little extra trouble. Some con- 
tend that we grow all of these things back 
east and here we ought to discard them and 
grow rarer things, but where one loves flow- 
ers and has, maybe limited means and time, 
or perchance just a small piece of ground, 
the ease with which these can be grown and 
the wealth of bloom they furnish will repay 


the little time given to them. Chrysanthe- 
mums will need your attention. Keep suckers 
pinched off, give plenty of water and an ap- 
plication of fertilizer when needed. Bulbs 
that have bloomed in the spring or early 
summer can be lifted and separated now. 
Narcissus and Jonquils can be left in the 
same spot for several seasons, but after that 
they begin to crowd each other and do not 
bloom well, in such case they should be taken 
up and divided. Most growers of these rec- 
ommend they should not be kept long out of 
the ground. Some put them back at once 
after dividing, especially the "Paper Whites" 
and the small Jonquils. Watsonias also want 
to go in early as they make their growth 
during the winter season. Callas should be 
cleaned off and given a season of rest. The 
latter part of the month overhaul violet beds 
divide and replant them. Your carnations 

started from slips should be thrifty plants by 
now, and are greatly benefited by good mulch 
during the hot season. Carnations must have 
full sunlight and a rich soil, rather heavy, 
to succeed perfectly. Annuals or Perennials 
that have finished blooming should be saved 
for seed now. If you wish to cut a whole 
stalk, and all the capsules or seed pods have 
not fully ripened, cut the stalk, put in a paper 
bag, tie up and label, then hang in a cool, 
airy place and you can collect the seeds at 
your convenience. Small white envelopes two 
by four inches are good for putting the seeds 
in. You can write across the face a memo- 
randa of variety, time of planting, first 
blooms, color, height, or anything of inter- 
est that you may have noticed while in bloom 
and be sure to put up enough packets to give 
some away. There is always some one who 
would appreciate them. 

The article in last month's Garden sug- 
gesting a May Festival along new lines has 
resulted in much favorable comment, locally 
and from a distance. 

The Pacific Garden, published at Pasa- 
dena, devoted nearly a column in com- 
mendation of the plan, and Editor Barnhart 
wrote a personal letter besides. 

The president and secretary of the Floral 
Association met in conference with the presi- 
dent and secretary of the Chamber of Com- 
merce, and the latter gentlemen took the 
matter up with their executive board, which 
body pledged their "moral support." 

A moment's consideration will show that 
the Floral Association is not the body to be 
at the head of this movement, which should 
be a more or less official act of the city 
fathers, or of the Chamber of Commerce, 
comprising all classes of citizens. 

Flowers will be one feature and that fea- 
ture could and would be handled by the Floral 
Association, but at the direction of the cen- 
tral body. 

There would seem to be no difficulties in 
the way of the Chamber of Commerce out- 
lining the plan, after due consideration. The 
program of special features should be de- 
cided upon, and they could then place those 
features in the hands of the various civic or 
ganizations directly interested. A choral 
union could handle some cantata or oratorio, 
or even a light opera, a dramatic society 

could give an appropriate play, a literary so- 
ciety could arrange for a lecture; the schools 
could give the maypole dances and delsarte 
poses; the Floral Association would hold a 
rose show and arrange for the floral pageant; 
there could also be a half day of field sports, 
and another half day of aquatic sports. 

Each organization would pledge itself to 
give its special feature during the first week 
of May, according to a fixed program. A sea- 
son ticket at a nominal price for the "course" 
would admit to all, insuring good attendance. 

Some satisfactory arrangement could prob- 
ably be made for that week of so arranging 
uniform working hours that would permit 
the workers to take in a fair share of the 
events without loss to workers or employers. 

There should be little or no expense to all 
this preliminary work of preparation, and 
those showing a disposition to use it as a 
personal harvest time, in any other way than 
that which would naturally come from such 
an event, could be quietly shown the error of 
their ways, and impressed with the spirit of 
"service" which brings the greater reward 
when reward is unsought. 

Moral support seems to imply, "The pro- 
ject has our approval, go ahead and do it." 
But the needed support is the kind that says, 
"It is a good thing; let's get together as a city 
and carry it through, with each one helping 
as much as possible." 

What do YOU think about it? 

w nun 

By W. S. KING 

T the time of writing the weather 
here is all against gardening. We 
have our chrysanthemums out, but 
cold winds from the North Sea and 
the Baltic have given them a severe check. 
Our bedding plants will not be set out until 
the end of the month. 

The Rosecroft dahlias have done splendidly 
this spring. I took several cuttings in March 
and rooted them and have them in six-inch 
pots ready to plant out at the end of the 
month. They are standing in the open but 
we have to cover them up at night for fear 
of frost. I have five "G. T. Keenes" four 
"Miss Sessions", and six "A. D. Robinsons," 
so you see I have quite a little colony of San 
Diego friends, and proud I am of them, too. 

You would have chuckled if you had been 
in my green-house the other day. I was pot- 
ting my rooted dahlias when a friend came in. 
The first one he got his eyes on was "G. T. 
Keene." "Oh", he said, "was that the one 
with the massive bloom last year?" I said, 
"Yes." Then he spied "Miss Sessions." 
"And is that the large white single?" he asked, 
and I told him it was. A few days later he 
came back and said that he had consulted 
every dahlia catalogue in England, Scotland 
and Ireland, and could not find any of them 
mentioned. You should have seen him stare, 
when I told him they had come about 8000 
miles. In the end, I gave him one of each 
to take away with him, and it was a pleasure 
to see how delighted he was. 

Whilst I was in Antwerp in 1910, on a holi- 
day with my wife and child, I wandered into 
a nursery and it was a real treat. All the 
plants were in trenches and watered by irri- 
gation. There were chrysanthemums and 
asters by the million, and all in pots buried 
in the trenches. The green-houses were filled 
with azalias, hydrangeas and palms. I 
noticed on a potting bench some nice arum 
lily bulbs and bought two. Arriving home I 
potted them up and was successful in flower- 
ing them the following summer. One was 
the ordinary white arum, but the other was 
a novelty. It differs from the ordinary va- 
riety inasmuch as the stem and foliage is 
spotted with black and the flower, instead 
of being pure white, is light green on the 
underside, and dark maroon on the inside. 
The throat is white spotted, and the spathe, 
about six inches long, is jet black. I sent a 
photo to the editor of the "Gardener" who 
sent it to "Kew Gardens", London, for nam- 
ing. It was found to be a rare specimen of 
"Arum Dracunculus." It has never flowered 

since till this year, and it now promises to 
be a very fine specimen. The photo was re- 
produced in the "Gardener." 

At some future date I will give you some 
flloral details of Antwerp Zoological Gardens. 
They comprise several hundred acres and the 
animals, birds, etc., are in situations much 
the same as in their own countries, and are 
surrounded by palms and flower beds galore. 
It takes two whole days to see the gardens. 
I have been to Belgium several times and 
you may be sure I do not miss much where 
there are flowers to be seen. 

West Hartlepool, England, 

June 1, 1915. 


NOTE: In order to protect other indus- 
tries it is necessary to know the harmful side 
of the goat. 

1. The he goat has a vile smell, which 
characterizes the flock. (Cyclopaedia Britan- 

2. The goat has an impure effect upon the 
earth, the air and the water. 

3. The goat drives out the cattle from the 
pasture land. 

4. The last annual dairy product of the 
United States was valued at $814,000,000.00. 

5. The goat drives out game and bird life 
from the sage cover. 

6. The goat exterminates tree life and 
feeds on seedling growth. 

7. Kaiser William does not allow the gcat 
within his hunting grounds, and from all pub- 
lic forest preserves the rule of exclusion is in 
full force throughout the continent of Eu- 

8. The Department of Forestry does not 
encourage pasturing the goat on public lands 
on account of its destructiveness to tree life. 

9. The goat is a consumer of honey flow- 
ers, and is the most destructive of quadru- 
peds. This in time will seriously affect the 

10. Three hundred carloads of honey is 
California's annual honey product and forty- 
five carloads that of San Diego county. 

11. The goat is a destroyer of landscape 
beauty, polluting springs and flowing water, 
defiling river beds, barking trees and under- 
growth and reducing to baldness the moun- 
tain slopes. 

12. The beauty of the country is its best 
asset, and should not be marred by the gcat. 


RECEIVED this day a document 
that seemed by innuendo to carry 
a suspicion of a laugh at me for 
assuming to pose as an authority 
on~dahlias. To the scoffer I would say, I 
have been forced into a position and frequent- 
ly laugh at myself (Thank God for the ability 
to do so) and in addition extend an invitation 
to come to Rosecroft and see my beds of Gus- 
tave Doazon to which I refer for sentence. 

This apparent intrusion of inconsequential 
personal matter is merely preliminary to stat- 
ing that Southern California asks individual 
treatment for dahlias as well as most other 
things and gardening is so very new among 
us, advice even in so conscientious a maga- 
zine as California Garden must be tentative, 
and is perhaps most valuable when it seems to 
contradict the methods of some other land. 
Having been freely criticised for my dis- 
dain of stakes for dahlias and preference for 
a medium habit of growth, I have tried again 
this year, to "leave them alone" style as well 
as the "cut them back" and now the bloom- 
ing season is here, I wish I had not. Close 
observation shows that the headed back 
plants, beside being self-sustaining, carry 
much more foliage around the base, shading 
their own ground; while the untreated ones 
are almost bare at the bottom and obviously 
suffer much more from the heat of the sun. 
To head off any controversy I know that some 
varieties make very good bushy plants with- 
out pruning and many do when grown with 
insufficient fertilizer and water, but most de- 
sirable kinds, generously treated, are weeds 
without the application of the knife. 

The inspection before referred to leads me 
to advocate basining of each plant and water- 
ing individually rather than by flooding a 
large bed with a slow stream, as the latter 
method is apt to give too much in some places 
and not enough in others. The dahlia must 
have enough water, which is a good deal, but 
too much will ruin a plant, that is, too much 
at a time. It won't stand for a month's sup- 
ply at one dose and a good-sized basin well 
mulched with manure if filled up twice, once 
a week will come very close to filling the bill. 
I have never been able to get out of my 
head the story told me of the successful 
dahlia exhibitor in England who long kept 
his special method a secret till it transpired 
that his wife used an enormous quantity of 
washing ammonia and it was found he washed 
his dahlias with it. Now I read in the Pa- 
cific Garden of a man who makes liquid fer- 
tilizer by soaking a bag of chicken manure in 

water and I am sure that is the dope for 
dahlias, besides it tickles me immensely to 
think of Cassandra helping to grow a record 
Doazon. I have been afraid to write this be- 
cause such a mixture as this is likely to be 
too strong if not very much diluted and I 
don't recommend it now till I have an op- 
portunity to test it for strength. Of course 
any one can make experiments for themselves, 
but it would be safe to make the liquid as 
mild as you think it ought to be and then 
dilute it ten times. 

All the arguments in favor of disbudding 
for mums or roses apply to dahlias, larger 
flowers, longer stalks and an increased bloom- 
ing period. An argument against the dahlia 
for cutting has been this short stalk, but with 
disbudding it is easily possible to get them 
feet long. Many, not all, dahlias will keep 
well when cut, but the habitual method of 
cutting is all wrong. I refer not to the nec- 
essity of performing the operation in the 
early morning, but to making the cut 
just above the first pair of leaves giving 
so short a stem that no one can decorate with 
them. If disbudding has been done three 
steps down, the bloom may be cut there, giv- 
ing two pairs of leaves and a long stem. This 
will also keep your plant low and in good 
shape. It has been put forward that one 
method of making dahlias keep after cut- 
ting, is to take off all leaves, but a limited 
experience has not confirmed this. Dawn 
picking and boiling the stems as poinsettias 
are treated, with the individual qualities of 
varieties seem to be the chief factors. 

Thrips seem to be bothering the dahlias a 
little, and so far this beast laughs at insec- 
ticides and has apparently killed off all its 
natural enemies. I hope that some little 
canaries that seem peculiarly interested in 
the dahlias just now are finding them palata- 
ble. With my apricot trees in mesh under- 
wear and my early figs all eaten before they 
were sweet, I find my faith in birds as my 
assistant gardeners reduced to the point of a 
doubtful toleration, or at least I wish I had 
more neighbors who grew fruit. 


The sign is in the window. 

The house is sure for rent. 
"No children are allowed." 

"Keep the babies in a tent." 

"Father Reubens. 


Wn&M amid WMhi<art 


' > 1 1 

ET me state in the be 
ginning that the fol 
lowing remarks do noc \ 
pretend to adequately 
cover any phase of the subject, 
as they are merely a few 
sketchy criticisms which have 
become insistent within me as 
I have observed and studied the 
dwellings in our city and en- 

The poet Keats said, 
"Truth is beauty, beauty truth, 
That is all we know, or need to know." 
If we accept this as a premise and bear- 
ing it in mind, look around us with awakened 
eyes, we must conclude that the great ma- 
jority of our citizens, notwithstanding their 
probable self-satisfaction concerning the state 
of their immortal souls, are very far from 
having attained truth. 

The first step toward truth or beauty is 
self denial or the abnegation of the individual 
preferences for the elevation of the taste of 
the community. In these days of rapid tran- 
sit, the eye is becoming cultivated to grasp 
more and more easily the panoramic color 
scheme of a block of say a dozen homes, in 
its entirety, which too often proves a kaleide- 
scope of horrible and clashing colors. We 
rural dwellers have more latitude for the ex- 
pression of individuality in our gardens in 
proportion to our greater frontage. But in 
the city of fifty foot lots, each individual is 
responsible for the note which his own front 
yard strikes in the color scheme of the whole 
block, and if this note makes for, or helps 
swell the discord, then he should deny him- 
self everything except the harmonizing tones 
of white, cream and green. To give a con- 
crete example: There is a certain cottage in 
the east part of town, which has been painted 

a bright, glistening pumpkin yellow, trimmed 
with Venetian red, and as if this were not suf 
ficient to affront and offend the passer-by, it 
has been surrounded by a bank of flaunting 
scarlet geraniums. This offense of good taste 
is individualistic; -tolerate and multiply it and 
it becomes communistic. Our friends' neigh- 
bors have likewise their personalities to ex- 
press in no unmistakable hues, and the con- 
glomerate whole becomes unspeakable. The 
house which I described is actually joined on 
the right by a maroon, a nile green and a 
pink cottage — and on the left by a buff yel- 
low, a white and a slate-gray cottage in the 
sequence named. The respective yards are 
adorned by democratic and fearful mixtures 
of orange marigolds, pink verbenas, Vermil- 
lion cannas, and everywhere geraniums in all 
their shuddering shades of cerise, scarlet, 
cardinal and rose madder sickening to ma- 
genta. Of course you may think this an iso- 
lated case and only to be found in the poorer 
parts of town, but turn then, to the middle 
rich residence sections, where the five to ten 
thousand dollar bungalow prevails, and if 
you will fairly consider the subject material, 
you will find the difference between the 
dwellings of the middle rich and the middle 
poor, one of degree and not of taste. 

The difference in degree is, that among the 
middle rich, the individual owner, may in- 
dulge freely his fancy for painted palms, pro- 
tuberant cobblestone ornamentation, ser- 
rated hardpan borders, fuchsias, begonias 
and hibiscus. There is perhaps a greater 
use of the mitigating green of lawn and shrub- 
bery, but we still find, when it comes to a 
question of color, the same disregard of the 
relation and responsibility of the individual 
yard to the whole block. 

It is not that the taste of the ten thousand 
dollar owner is superior, or that he under- 
stands or loves Beauty more, he is simply 
able to pay more. Even then, after architect 
and decorator have done their best or worst, 
the personality of the owner must vent it- 
self. Inside he adds articles and touches 
which are just as inherently inartistic and in- 
congruous as the enlarged gilt framed crayon 
of father in his Sunday best with sideburns, 
hanging over the plush topped upright in the 
plumber's best parlor. And on the outside, 
dead give away, we find a magenta bougain- 
villea coyly nestling against the brick-red 
chimney, and pink roses, scarlet hibiscus, lav- 
ender heliotrope, blue plumbago and inevit- 
ably the ubiquitous red geranium, all mingled 
freely and regardlessly. 


In order that the harassed bungalow build- 
er, who has no tradition nor precedent to 
fall back upon, and who is groping in his 
evolution, up through the period of slash- 
grain pine and too cumbersome Mission Cult 
into the snares and allurements of Reed craft, 
antique furniture, oriental rugs and brasses, 
in order that this builder may find himself, 
he must realize that there is an absolute 
criterion for him to follow, one test to apply 
to everything in his home — if it is to be a true 
home, and that is, "Does this object fulfill a 
purpose in the daily functions of life, and if 
not, is it so intrinsically beautiful or artistic 
as to deserve a place for itself alone." Even 
then, having passed this test, unless an ob- 
ject is proportionate in size, form, color and 
value to its surroundings, it should be elim- 

inated. Objects of cherished association are 
not excepted, in my opinion,' from these chal- 
lenges. Great-grandmother's spinningwheel 
may be a priceless heirloom, but it can find 
no excuse for its presence in the every-day 
living-room of our existence. 

In conclusion, in regard to the interior 
decoration of a bungalow, presupposing a 
good structural back-ground, well proportion- 
ed and harmonious in color and line, the own- 
er must apply the criterion of Truth and 
Beauty and beyond that, constantly practice 
the cult of simplicity — and be not afraid to 
eliminate. Regarding the exterior, firstly he 
should practice the Golden Rule — and then 
he should study, build and live for Beauty — 
and I believe that in time the exploitation of 
ugliness would become a civic crime. 

The Rose 

ATER your roses sparingly, just 
enough to keep them well alive, but 
not to stimulate growth preparatory 
to resting them next month. This 
of course, does not apply to small bushes and 
recently budded ones which should be kept 
growing. It may be of interest to state that 
buds put into Climbing Cecil Bruner stand- 
ards May 6th have made a growth of two feet; 
these were Joseph Hills, and in a hundred 
not a bud failed. Even three taken from a 
plant of Mde. Edouard Heriot on its arrival 
from the east are growing cheerfully, having 
made more growth than buds left on the 

Don't let the recently inserted buds bloom, 
as they will try to do. Head them back to 
a couple of eyes and get a sturdy bushy 

The following was part of a letter received 
from Robert Pyle of the Conard & Jones Co. 
of West Grove, Pa. 

"In the June issue of the California Garden 
I notice on page 7 that you refer to budding 
American Pillar on Climbing Cecil Bruner as 
a reminder of what is expected in vigor of 
growth and immunity from disease." It is 

difficult to understand this because in this 
part of the country there is no rose that is 
more vigorous than American Pillar and few 
of them much more immune from disease. 
The insects do sometimes trouble the foliage 
if they are not watched. We happen to have 
been the introducers of the American Pillar 
which was originated by Dr. W. Van Fleet of 
the Dept. of Agriculture at Washington, D. 
C. It is growing to be more and more popular 
as it is becoming better known. It was first 
really discovered in England — I mean its good 
points were appreciated there first." 

All that can be said now is that due apology 
will be made to American Pillar for condemn- 
ing it to a vicarious existence when it has 
proved that it can duplicate the performance 
of the petite Madame among us. To do this 
it must bloom in four months from slip, and 
grow fifteen feet the first year, be absolutely 
mildew and rust proof and give a blossom 
for every spoonful of moisture at any time in 
the year, winter or summer. To see how the 
Madame stock is hustling along such lag- 
gards as Georges Schwartz is quite cheerful. 
However, California Garden is most grateful 
to find itself read in far away Pennsylvania 
and in saying "thank you" is obliged to add 
that a vigorous habit there might possibly be 
a very inconspicuous motion in San Diego. 




The Meaning of Nature Study 

C. DeW. SCOTT, Supervisor Nature Study and Agriculture. 



(Continued from June issue) 

There is no better service that nature study 
can render the child than to make him love 
the outdoors for the sake of his health. All 
children when they are young want to be 
outdoors where they belong, but as they be- 
gin to go to school they get the indoors habit, 
all their lessons and many of their games are 
indoors. There is too little play outdoors and 
most of that is artificial and often palls on 
the wideawake child. Nature study alone can 
furnish an interesting reason for going out- 
doors away from the nerve-racking noises and 
sights of cities and this habit once cultivated 
will remain always an antidote against too 
close application to business or social pur- 
suits. Grown people will not go into the 
country without some stimulus or purpose and 
to most of them nowadays the country is stu- 
pid and repelling. That is because they know 
nothing interesting about it. To the natur- 
alist every landscape is full of interest and 

It is mostly idle to talk to children or 
grown-ups about cultivating a love for the 
beautiful in nature, because on the part of 
the child it is an evolution of spirit and if not 
present in the adult you can not talk it into 
him. All nature is beautiful to a nature 
lover because it is all the result of the work- 
ing of law and order and a part of the won- 
derful universe. The child goes to nature 
from instinct, curiosity, wonder and for bodi- 
ly exhilaration. He is attracted first by liv- 
ing, moving things — he often even wants to 
kill them like his savage ancestors did. Most 
grown people today can't pass a snake or a 
lizard without trying to kill it. Gradually 
he comes to love all these things, to see their 
relations and exquisite adaptation to the 
world and to appreciate the beauty of inani- 
mate things such as clouds, landscapes, sun- 
sets. Stevenson said the average person would 
not spend three minutes looking at a land- 
scape. But the nature lover and the artist 
spend hours and days and never tire. The 
love of nature is a growth of spirit. It ele- 
vates life and gives a sense of companionship 
with the world which keeps us from being 
extremists. It makes for sanity. But it must 
be consciously cultivated because pavements 
and houses and trolley cars tend to kill it. 

It is gratifying to see that more and more 
people each year go into the primitive places 
which have become more accessible by the 
extension of railroads and the invention of 
automobiles. Yet only a small percentage of 

people can afford to travel very far and most 
of them go for the excitement of moving from 
place to place rather than for any interest in 
the treasures of the landscape. Future gen- 
erations will think more of the country and 
less of the means of transportation for they 
will go to the wild places for weeks at a time 
instead of for a day or a few hours. 

The average man of the city is the one who 
most needs the country to keep him out of 
the grooves of work and worry. He needs 
parks and playgrounds in the cuy ana in the 
suburbs and it is for his sake largely that we 
want thousands of acres not only or improved 
but of primitive landscapes. We want to 
teach nature to children so that as future 
citizens they will appreciate the necessity of 
maintaining recreation centers, of preserving 
wild places, of protecting birds and harmless 
animals so that future generations may study 
and enjoy plants and animals which nature 
has evolved through millions of years but 
which man may ruthlessly exterminate in a 
decade. We must realize that "there is noth- 
ing so practical as the preservation of wild 
beauty". The present generation is a guard- 
ian of wild beauty for those to come. The 
time and place to emphasize this truth is in 
the public schools so that conservation of re- 
sources will become a national habit and duty. 

Such, then, are some of the sidelights that 
illumine the meaning of nature study in the 
grammar grades. The educational value of 
concrete, living, moving things and processes 
as materials of study, is becoming recognized. 
Also it must become evident to teachers that 
it is just as important (perhaps more so) to 
help a child to be happy as to be effective. Na- 
ture study should add to individual happiness 
by putting one on more intimate terms with 
the living things about him which are all won- 
derfully made and patterned and colored like 
the skies of sunset. We must live and be 
happy and healthy where we are and associa- 
tion with nature is one of the strongest influ- 
ences towards making us what we ought to 
be. We must go back to nature for vigor, 
vision and peace. 

Enclosed find my check for $1.00 as tardy 
payment for magazine subscription, pardon 
the delay. I find the paper bright and in- 
teresting, and of real value to the amateur. 
Would not care to do without it. 

Best wishes, 


June 16, 1915. 


ITHIN the little realm of our back 
yard there is war, real war among 
the different plants. With the weak 
it is a struggle for bare existence. 
\vitn tne stronger an aggressive fight for ter- 
ritorial possession. There is jarring, jostling 
and jealousies between families and 


Early in the season the dahlias, chrysanthe- 
mums and asters seemed to dwell in perfect 
harmony — a sort of communal fellowship that 
was pleasant to behold. One bed of dahlias 
that were undisturbed during the winter were 
interset with "mums" while yet there seemed 
ample space for natural expansion. The 
Doazons, Grand Dukes (the latter not so 
grand as in former years) the Diavolos, Al- 
fred D. Robinson (modest, yet beautiful be- 
yond compare— almost) the Evening Star, 
etc., are now looking disdainfully down upon 
their slow-growing, less aggressive neighbors. 
However, we doubt not retributive justice 
will overtake them ere the Ides of another 
October draws near. The "mums" look up- 
ward, they see the ethereal blue above and are 
hopeful and happy. 

A second bed of twenty-five seedlings of 
Rosecroft parentage, are on the march with 
colors flying, flashing and "clashing". Their 
guns carried well above their heads — perhaps 
they are only alpenstocks carried for support. 
We see the Editor of the Garden is ierninst 
the dahlia stake. We were led into the error 
of providing long stakes through the advice 
of eastern growers ere we sat at the feet of 
our Gamaliel of Rosecroft. Will say 
that there is no provision in next year's war 
budget for 4 7 centimeter stakes, yet, perhaps, 
a small calibre, short, disappearing sort — 
disappearing with the growth of the plants — 
may be used. 

It is only with the third division that hos- 
tilities have actually begun. Early in the 
season this division, consisting of one row 
each of dahlias, chrysanthemums and asters, 
(now don't criticise this mixture too severely, 
maybe your own garden presents some slight 
incongruities) had formed a sort of triple 
alliance, possibly for self-protection, more 
probably for mutual admiration. Soon, how- 
ever, an enemy sprang up in their midst. At 
first it seemed such a harmless thing that 
through the sufferance of the powers that be 
it was permitted to grow and wax fat in the 
land. Now, hehold, a great grasping usurper, 
a gigantic Curcurbita maximas has grown to 
a formidable foe in the land of his usurpation. 

Not only has he spread out his long sinuous 
arms in every direction, erecting a dense can- 
opy over the land, causing unsanitary con- 
ditions to prevail, but a number have fallen 
victims to his all powerful tendrils, binding, 
twisting and squeezing them into shapeless 
forms. Not content with his present conquests 
he sought to push his vanguard over into 
neutral territory and was advancing by forced 
march across a vacant lot with the apparent 
object of involving us in an embroglio with a 
friendly neighbor. Deeming intervention im- 
perative we proceed to cut off his advance 
forces and otherwise cripple his aggressive- 

It may be thought by the undiscerning 
that the ruling power that would thus sit 
supinely by and witness such high-handed 
oppression is lacking in the common human- 
ities. My dear accusers, we fain would plead 
justification for this apparent indifference. It 
may be selfishness but it is human. 

Peering beneath the dense canopy of leaves 
may be seen certain dark green objects, that 
to the wise look very like Hubbard Squashes 
in various stages of development, and we can 
almost taste — in anticipation — that most de- 
lectable dainty squash pie. If there is any- 
thing in the whole category of culinary com- 
positions that will make a country-bred 
"hoosier" long for the good old days back 
as "Grigsby Station" it is the aroma, the 
spicy fragrance of squash pie — the kind that 
mother used to make and may we add, a 
goodly heritage has been handed down in Sis' 
abilities as a culinary artist. 


As seen from Cabrillo Bridge — Exposition Grounds 

1 >> 

HIS has been my busy month for 
twice I have been taken seriously 
and the experience was as pleasant 
as novel. At the Floral Association 
annual meeting a good citizen who does not 
patronize jitneys nor attend the Open Forum, 
caught me in flight between the Horticultural 
Building and the Alhambra at the Exposi- 
tion and said, "I want to congratulate the 
Early bird on that idea of acquiring Cuy, 
maca mountain; how are we going to do it? 
Then he proceeded to outline an attack on 
the supervisors, considering the City Council 
possibly out of sympathy with acquiring any- 
thing just at present. Frankly I admitted I 
did not know how anything could be done 
and was feeling rather hopeless after a ses- 
sion with the Open Forum, during which it 
appeared that to carry out such a scheme 
permission would have to be obtained from 
our overlord whose identity was then dis- 
closed to me, free speech restored, capitalism 
abolished, the water system further devel- 
oped, all the city restored to the people from 
whom it had been stolen, and several other 
things that specially appealed to members of 
the audience. It was made perfectly clear 
that only a few heard what I was talking 
about and the rest were impatiently waiting 
their turn to promulgate their pet panacea. 

Since then I have had a long seance with 
a back country man who would like to switch 
me on to the Laguna project and was re- 
lieved to find that my main desire is to open 
the eyes of San Diego to the beauty of her 
back country as a commercial asset, deem- 
ing that so far she has only opened her mouth 
to swallow apples and so forth. That is 
hardly correct for I do lay extraordinary 
stress on the mine of health stored in these 

The final honor came with an invitation to 
confer with potentates of the Chamber of 
Commerce. I went and conferred with some 
diffidence remembering when a former presi- 
dent advised me in public to go back to my 
flower pots and leave business to business 
men. (This was when the defunct Civic As- 
sociation was deemed by the great public to 
be blocking the progress of our magnificent 
harbor development.) I mentioned my ner- 
vousness and the cause, and received the 
nearest to an apology that any one could be 
expected to make to an early bird and was 
listened to respectfully while I dreamed 
dreams in words of real galumphs in the 
back country. 

Do these straws show which way the wind 
blows or are minds running towards mount- 
ains and trees and valleys with running- 
streams because there is little activity in the 

real estate market? I know not, but an 
apostle of the great out-of-doors should be 
thankful for an audience howsoever collected. 
Throughout the land a great gardening inter- 
est is awakening. Not the veriest optimist 
can hope that the popular society fad will 
outlast the fashion in gardening clothes, but 
the charm of nature and working with her 
will deeply impress the few and with these, 
gardens will be part of their future lives. 

Ask the visitor wherein lies the charm of 
our Exposition, and the unfailing answer pays 
tribute to the harmonious building and plant- 
ing scheme. To wander around among the 
things that are pre-eminently fit has a charm 
that all feel and acknowledge, and our Expo- 
sition should do for San Diego what years of 
tears and prayers could never have done, dem- 
onstrate the commercial value of just beauty 
and harmony. Beautiful as the Exposition is, 
it is only one and a small one in San Diego's 
diadem of jewels. From the seashore with 
its play of color and light, to the mountain 
peaks a mile high are a string of gems be- 
yond compare. Folks of San Diego, take your 
visitors into your mountains; not with an 
eye on the speedometer but leisurely. Stop 
on the grade and look back; halt on the sum- 
mits and look ahead. Just give the country 
a chance and with the great majority it will 
do the rest. Forget apples, they have worms; 
and cherries they have stones. Let the great 
spaces, the beautiful lines, the trees and 
flowers do the talking. Suppose that instead 
of the ordinary run of entertainment to the 
distinguished visitor, from silk hat reception 
through feeds and speeches to exhausted de- 
parture, we were to try for once a quiet 
breakfast by the sea, a gentle ride to a mile 
high summit for lunch, a run through forest 
trees to a hot sulphur bath and dinner where 
the healing water bubbles hot from the bowels 
of the earth and home by moonlight through 
our river gorge. It would not be the thing 
that custom has sanctioned and might be a 
nightmare if conducted by some boosters, 
but it is long odds it would linger in the 
memory of the guest long after the indiges- 
tion from the feeds had passed and the bore- 
dom of the self laudatory speeches had been 
forgotten. Let us be different. Methods that 
have been successful elsewhere and hereto- 
fore must have lost force from us. We are 
distinctly individual. Our climate, our 
topography, our every feature is distinctly 
our own. The wide world will send us guests 
when we know how to attract them and wel- 
come them when they come. If past methods 
have brought wholly satisfactory results, con- 
tinue them; if not, try something else and let 
it be different. 



July Gardens 

By Walter Birch 

O not think that because it is mid- 
summer and one is inclined to have 
"that tired feeling" that there is 
nothing to be done in the garden. 
The tact is there is a good deal that can be 
done, and lots of pleasure in doing it if you 
iust get out and make a start. These long 
warm days make plenty of evaporation, and 
the ground needs a good supply of water, 
helped out by judicious cultivation. By 
judicious, I mean using your judgment in the 
way you cultivate around deep rooting plants 
and shallow rooting plants, also plants just 
nicely started and plants in a thrifty state of 
growth. You can very easily do far more 
harm than good in sacrificing small and much 
needed rootlets of vegetables, flowers, and 
shrubs, by want of care in cultivation. 

The season is still good for the sowing and 
planting of a number of vegetables. If you 
are fond of potatoes, and you can get seed 
worth planting, don't forget to put in another 
row or two, and you can keep on planting 
sweet corn and beans for a long time yet. 
Of the former you will find Golden Bantam, 
Country Gentleman and Oregon Evergreen 
all good vsrieties to plant, and in beans try 
a few hills or rows of Monstrous Bush Limas, 
Golden Wax and Stringless Green Pod. It 
is just about time now for starting your late 
cabbage, Danish Ballhead is a splendid va- 
riety, and if you want winter tomatoes try 
Earliana and New Stone. Get in your Cauli- 
flower seed before the end of the month, 
either Erfurt, Snowball or Dryweather, and 
if you are fond of Casabas you can still plant 
them. Onions, kale, turnips, etc., can still 
go in, so you see there is lots to do in the 
vegetable garden. 

In the flower garden it is timely now to 
give your rose bushes a rest. Do some care- 
ful pruning, and just give them enough water 
to keep them comfortably alive. By gener- 
ous treatment and care in the fall and winter, 
they will grow new wood, and produce early 
blooms. Don't forget to keep your cannas, 
chrysanthemums and gladiolus in a thrifty 
condition by watering and cultivating, but 
look out for the little roots. Plant seeds of 
mignonette, pansy and stocks for winter, also 
cosmos, nasturtium and portulaca. You can 
still plant citrus trees, guava bushes, avocados 
and feijoas, and with good care, save a sea- 
son's growth by so doing. In the ornamental 
line if you want to leave the "beaten track" 
try some crotons, those beautiful foliage 
plants with so many striking shades of color, 
also fancy dracaenas and caladiums. They 
are all fine for the lath house, or semi-shady 
and protected locations out of doors, and are 
quite uncommon round here. The foliage of 

all of them is striking in their range of 
color and shading, and a distinct acquisition 
to any collection of plants. 

In view of a recent resolutioning of the 
Hon. Franklin Lane by the San Diego Floral 
Association advocating National Wildflower 
refuges and general preservation measures 
the following should be of interest. 

Closed Flower Season 

The suggestion comes from Connecticut 
that an arrangement might well be made for 
a closed season for flowers as well as for 
game. Why not? In many sections of New 
England the trailing arbutus and the moun- 
tain laurel must have more adequate protec- 
tion or they will be in danger of becoming 
as extinct as the passenger pigeon in bird 
life. In the Berkshires, the mountain re- 
gions of Vermont and New Hampshire there 
has been an increasing tendency for years 
for persons to hoard their knowledge of the 
localities where early spring flowers and vines 
may be found. In many instances market 
men strip the hillsides of the beauty which 
nature has provided and reap a handsome 
profit out of what to them becomes merely 
a stock in trade. This year more than here- 
tofore a spirit of protest is making itself 
heard. One result of the modern emphasis 
upon nature study is increased appreciation 
of the beauty and decorative possibilities of 
various plants which once attracted small 
attention. That these may be preserved for 
the benefit of the entire community a penalty 
might be exacted for the gathering, selling 
or possessing certain flowers at certain times. 
It would at least induce greater care upon 
the part of the majority, ever if it did not 
absolutely protect the hillsides from their 
despoilers. It is suggested, too, that the Boy 
Scouts and the Campfire Girls could help 
greatly in the protection of these flowers- 
Boston Herald. 

Visit Our New Establishment 

when in Santa Barbara, if you are interested in 

tXOTlC NURSERIES" For DisTWcmtPuiro 


It is worth it 

Our Illustrated Booklet 

is FREE-write for it 

We are located on the East main thoroughfare, an excellent 
paved road, 5 minutes' drive from the center of town. Take 
the Bus Line. 

1230 Cacique Street EXOTIC NURSERIES 

Santa Barbara, Calif. We have no branch nursery 



The California Garden The Annual Meeting 

Alfred D. Robinson, Editor 
G. T. Keene, Manager 


The San Diego Floral Association 

Main Office, Point Loma, California 
Secretary's Office, 727 E St., San Diego, Cal. 


Alfred D. Robinson, President 

Miss K. O. Sessions, Vice-President 

G. T. Keene, Secretary 

L. A. Blochman, Treasurer 

Miss A.M. Rainford, Miss Leila Clough, Mrs.Thos. Kneale 

Entered as second-class matter December 8, 1910, at 
the post office at Point Loma, California, under the Act 
of March 3. 1879. 

California Garden is on the list of publications authorized by the San 
Diego Retail Merchants Association. 

Subscription, $1.00 per year 


One Page $10.00 Half Page, $5.00 

Quarter Page 2.50 Eighth Page 1.50 

Advertising Copy should be in by the 25th of each Month 

Elite Printing Co.. 

,7 2 7 E St., San Diego 

July Regular Meeting 

The July meeting of the San Diego Floral 
Association will be held Tuesday evening, 
July 13, at the W. L. Frevert residence, First 
and Walnut streets. The subject is "Be- 
gonias". The Frevert gardens are a very 
practical example of what can be accom- 
plished in a short time in one's back yard. 
They have summer houses, lath houses and 
a glass house, cozy nooks covered with vines 
and other shady places where ferns abound. 
Their begonias are especially fine. All flower 
loves will be welcome. Take Third street cars 
to Walnut. 

Mr. G. T. Keene, Secy., 

San Diego Floral Association. 
Dear Sir: 

It was the consensus of opinion of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee that the Floral Associa- 
tion's shows have added materially to the at- 
tractiveness of the Exposition during the time 
that they were held and would be very glad 
to have you hold the fall show here. 

Very truly yours, 


Have you paid your subscription and 
membership yet? 

HE annual meeting of the San Diego 
Floral Association, held Tuesday 
evening, June 15, at the Exposition 
grounds, was a decided departure 

from those of former years. 

In order to get a rate of twenty-five cents 
admission at five o'clock it was necessary to 
guarantee a hundred tickets, and to have 
a dinner served, fifty plates must be guar- 

More than a hundred members and friends 
gathered at the Southern Counties Building 
shortly after five o'clock and followed Miss 
Kate Sessions on her tour of the grounds, 
listening to her able and interesting talks on 
the many plants, trees and flowers gathered 
from all parts of the world. 

At 6:30 the "procession" arrived at the 
Alhambra Cafe. Seventy reservations for 
supper had been phoned to the Secretary, but 
103 presented themselves to be fed. To the 
great credit of the Cafe management, they 
handled the extra crowd on short notice very 
satisfactorily, the whole south end of the 
building being occupied by the Association. 

The schedule of events worked out very 
nicely, for the dinner was finished just in 
time to get over to the Southern Counties 
Building for the business meeting at 8 o'clock, 
where a crowd of other members had gath- 

The auditorium had been decorated by set- 
ting some huge baskets of flowers here and 
there, another departure from former years, 
when easy access had made it possible to do 
much more elaborate floral decorating. 

President A. D. Robinson called the meet- 
ing to order and gave a resume of the Asso- 
ciation's labors during the year, which seemed 
to thoroughly justify its existence. The re- 
port of the Secretary followed, which is 
printed elsewhere in this issue. 

The main business feature of the annual 
meeting is the election of a board of seven 
directors for the ensuing year, and for which 
nominations are asked in advance, and ballots 
prepared. The following were elected: 

Miss K. O. Sessions, Miss Rainford, Miss 
Alice Lee, Mrs. Thos. Kneale, Messrs. A. D. 
Robinson, L. A. Blochman and G. T. Keene. 

A general discussion of Floral Association 
and California Garden affairs followed, fol- 
lowing which Harold A. Taylor showed a 
wonderfully beautiful collection of auto- 
chrome lantern slides of flowers and floral 
scenes in and around San Diego. 

Thus ended the 1915 annual meeting, and 
it was pronounced a real success, by all who 
were present. 



Secretary's Annual Report 

San Diego, June 12, 1915. 
To the Members of the San Diego Floral 
While in many ways the past year has not 
been considered a bounteous one, yet in mat- 
ters connected with the San Diego Floral As- 
sociation, and as its Secretary, I have found 
much to be grateful for. 

In the first place, much of the disagreeable 
part of the work, as experienced in former 
years, was eliminated by the committee of 
ladies who got together last June and ar- 
ranged the syllabus, which has r-een adhered 
to very closely during the year. They found 
meeting places, selected the subjects, and ar- 
ranged for a series of out-door meetings. 
The program outlined was printed and no one 
had the excuse that they didn't know where 
the meeting was to be held. It relieved the 
Secretary's mind immensely, and I trust, no 
matter what the outcome of the election to- 
night, that the same plan will be carried out. 

The meetings have been interesting and 
very well handled throughout the year, and 
have been well attended. Through a mis- 
understanding, the outdoor meeting at Mis- 
sion Cliff Gardens was not held and we should 
make arrangements to visit the gardens some- 
time this year. 

The Floral Association itself has had lit- 
tle expense this pear, end is in as good con- 
dition as usual financially, as the report will 
show. The California Garden has had to 
stand the greatest strain. Under the present 
financial depression our advertising columns 
are not as fat as they might be. 

The usual annual letter was sent out to 
members and subscribers requesting them to 
pay their dues promptly. The response we 
considered remarkable, under the circum- 
cumstances. The letters began coming in 
within twenty-four hours after the others 
were mailed and are still coming. Not only 
did they send their dues and subscriptions, 
but in many instances letters accompanied 
the checks commending the little magazine 
and its able editor in the highest terms. It 
is this spirit of appreciation, more than any- 
thing else, I suspicion, that keeps the editor 
writing his entertaining and instructive arti- 
cles month after month, and year after year. 

The Board of Directors has been a real 
help the past year. They have met at least 
once a month, and more often as occasion re- 
quired, and have performed the tasks as- 

The flower shows have been different than 
usual on account of being held on the Expo- 
sition grounds, and we feel that we have been 
of some practical use in helping to make our 
Exposition a success. There now seems a 

possibility that the May Festival, amplified, 
may become an annual event. 

Following is the annual financial report: 



Cash Statement. 

June 20, 1914 to June 12, 1915. 
Cash on hand June 20, 

1914 $ 23.02 

Cash in Bank a/c S. D. 

Floral Assn., June 20, 

1914 257.33 

Cash in Bank a/c Cal. 

Garden, June 20, 1914. 177.13 
Received for Advertising 

during year 570.50 

Received for Subscrip- 
tions during year 6 00.40 

Received for Membership 

during year 184.00 

Received for Garden 

Helps during year 14.55 

Received for Bulb Flower 

Show May 22, 1915 .... 58.10 — $1885.03 


To printing California 

Garden, 12 months .... $990.00 
Mailing Sep. 1913 to June 

1914 100.00 

Mailing June 1914 to June 

1915 120.00 

G. T. Keene, on Acct. Com- 
mission 116.15 

A. D. Robinson for books 

(Garden Helps) 29.60 

Postage and General Ex- 
pense Cal. Garden 22.11 

Postage and General Ex- 
pense S. D. Floral Assn 77.51 

Expense Annual Meeting, 

1914, S. D. Floral Assn 32.85 

Expense Flower Shows, S. 

D. Floral Assn 92.80 

Expense Nurserymen's 

Convention 33.20 

Equipment Floral Assn. . . 14.40 

Commission for member- 
ship and subscriptions . . 2.55 

Expense Wild Flower lot. 17.40 

Trees a/c Advertising Cali- 
fornia Garden 13.00 

Cash in Bank a/c S. D. 
Floral Assn. June 12, 
1915 210.78 

Cash in Bank a/c Califor- 
nia Garden, June 12, 
1915 12.23 

Cash on hand June 12, 

1915 45 — $1885.03 


Due for Advertising $118.00 




California Garden owes S. D. Floral 

Assn. a/c membership $ 6 0.10 

California Garden owes G. T. Keene 

a/c commission 274.55 

California Garden owes A. D. Robin- 
son for books - 75 


Director's Meeting 

The Board of Directors of the San Diego 
Floral Assn. met Monday at 12:30 p. m., at 
the New England Tea Room. Present, A. D. 
Robinson, L. A. Blochman, Miss Alice Lee, 
Miss A. M. Rainford, Mrs. Thos. Kneale, G. T. 

The Board organized by re-electing the old 
officers: A. D. Robinson, Pres.; Miss K. O. 
Sessions, Vice-Pres.; L. A. Blochman, Treas.; 
G. T. Keene, Secy. 

The July meeting was set for Tuesday, the 
13th, at the W. L. Frevert residence, First 
Street near Walnut. Subject. "Begonias," 
and Mrs. Frank Waite requested to present 
the subject. 

The sum of $100.00 was voted toward the 
amount due the secretary for work in con- 
nection with the magazine. 

Director Miss Lee, Mrs. Robinson, Mrs. 
Blochman, Mrs. Miller and Miss Clough, were 
named as a program committee to select 
meeting places, dates and subjects for the 
year's work. 

Miss Rainford and Miss Sessions were ap- 
pointed a flower committee; Mrs. Kneale, 
membership; Mr. Blochman, finance; Mr. 
Robinson and Mr. Keene on California Garden. 

June 14, 1915. 
Editors California Garden, 
Point Loma, Cal. 


Please accept our sincere thanks for the 
liberal mention accorded the Exposition in 
your June number. 

You are doing a great deal to call public 
attention to one of the very best features the 
Exposition offers. 

Very truly yours, 

Director of Publicity, 
Panama-California Exposition. 

co^l of chicken feed 
precludes joking — 

E don't know whether we 
can stand the strain of con- 
tinuing this ad. Careful 
analysis shows that WE 
have paid a dollar or more for every 
oinile YOU have enjoyed. The cost 
of feed makes it mighty hard to make 
a joke of the chicken business, and 
then we are told by genuine business 
men that Business is no joke these 
days. Under these circumstances we 
tind ourselves reduced to the narra- 
tion of bare facts, such as : 

Cassandra has laid 100 eggs this 
year and still makes the supreme re- 
nunciation by not asking to sit on 
any of them. 

Three descendants that roost by 
the coal heaps at La Playa have 
scored 360. 

The six at the Exposition have de- 
posited 649. The name of the bank 
is withheld as all the good ones ad- 
vertise in this magazine. 

A trio of our best left amid a 
shower of feathers for Ukiah last 
week in return for $40.00 EEAL 
MONEY, and the recipient replied, 
''To say I am pleased with the birds 
is putting it very mildly." Now 
who is crazy, this man or you, when 
you don't get some of our 3 mos. 
chicks for $15.00 a dozen? A dozen 
of them went to Berkeley on the 1st. 
These Northern people must have 
more money or more sense, but that 
latter could not be, or else they 
would be living here. Well you have 
the best of the argument. We seem 
to be forced to write this ad and 
then pay for it and you do as you 
darned please about buying chickens. 
In the language of much greater 
Lolks "Are we getting a square 

Ro seer oft 
Bai~red Rock Yards 

Point Loma, Cal. 






Corner Ninth and Olive Streets 
Los Angeles, California 

Phone Home F 4592 Sunset Main 1745 


Rnsps JlS^ Amaryllis and 

Conifers ^r R 00te d 
Palms Wfff 

\ Hj7 Plants 

In large quantities and great variety 

Send for Catalogs 

Nurseries at Montebello, California 


Desirable and 

To Subscribers: 

Seasonable Stock #*^ •©#%•* 


Come and select an order and 

Receive a FREE Plant 

(your selection) from 10 to 25 
per cent of your purchase. I 
have, or can get for you, any 
plant growing in the Exposi- 
tion Grounds. 


Mission Hills Nursery 


Take Car No. 3 or No. 5 to 
Lewis and Stephens Sts. 

The Floral Associa- 
tion Board of Directors 
asks each subscriber to 
California Garden to try 
to get two new subscrib- 
ers from among their 

The Garden is $1.00 per year, 
or $1.50 for both Membership 
and Subscription. 


Fifth Street 

Between D & E 




whether your account be large or small, with assurance 

of liberal, dependable service and courteous, respectful 
attention. We offer you these facilities coupled with 
safe, conservative financial methods. 

JON THIS BASIS, YOUR V, /nttr „, com p oun< ,. 


Southern Trusr & Savings Bank 

U. S. Grant Hotel Building 

Commercial, Savings and Safety Deposit Departments 

Our business is conducted with conservatism, but also with 
enterprise and up-to-date methods. 

Resources Over $2,840,000.00 

G. A. Davidson, Pies. Philip Morse, Vice-Pres. E. O. Hodge, Cashier 

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